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This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or responses that request you to evaluate a text through the lens of a vital or theoretical source that is secondary.

Generally, the lens should expose something in regards to the initial or “target” text that could never be otherwise apparent. Instead, your analysis may call the credibility associated with arguments associated with lens piece into concern, expand the arguments associated with the lens text, or provoke various other reevaluation associated with two texts. In either case, you are producing a crucial “dialogue between texts.”

Reading the Texts

Because you will fundamentally desire to hone in on points of commonality and discord between your two texts, your order and way where you read them is a must.

First, read the lens text to spot the author’s core arguments and language. Since theoretical or critical texts are usually thick and complex, it might be useful to develop an overview of this author’s primary points. According the to Brandeis Writing Program Handbook, a lens that is valuable will “grapple with main tips” of this lens text, in the place of working with remote quotes which will or may possibly not be indicative of this author’s argument all together. As a result, it is crucial to ensure that you certainly realize and certainly will articulate the author’s points that are main continuing to your target text.

Then, quickly browse the target text to build up an idea that is general of content. Then, think about: Where do we see basic points of contract or disagreement between your two texts? Which for the lens text’s main arguments could be employed to your target text? It might be simpler to concentrate on a couple of of the lens text’s arguments that are central.

With one of these tips in your mind, return back and see the target text very carefully, through the theoretical lens, thinking about the next concerns: Exactly what are the primary aspects of the lens text and what exactly are their complementary components within the target text? How do I apply the lens author’s vocabulary that is theoretical logic to circumstances into the target text? Are there any instances where in fact the lens text’s arguments don’t or can’t apply? How come this? It is useful to keep a careful, written record of web web page figures, quotes, along with your ideas and responses while you read.

Because this kind of paper relates to a complex synthesis of numerous sources, it’s specially crucial to possess a definite course of action before beginning composing. It might help to cluster quotes or activities by subject material, by theme, or by if they support, contradict, or elsewhere change the arguments within the lens text. Hopefully, typical themes, tips, and arguments will start to emerge and you may begin drafting!

Composing the Introduction and Thesis

As the paper involves the complex interactions between numerous texts, you will need to explain what you would be doing the introduction. Make sure to plainly introduce the lens text as well as its specific arguments you is likely to be using or assessing. Then introduce the target text and its particular particular themes or occasions you are handling in your analysis.

These introductions of texts and themes should lead into some sort of thesis declaration. Though there are not any set guidelines or conventions for just what this thesis should appear to be, make certain it states the points of conversation you will end up speaking about, and describes exacltly what the critical or analysis that is theoretical of target text reveals concerning the texts.

Composing your body

The human body is when you use particular arguments through the lens text to particular quotes or circumstances when you look at the target text. In each full instance, be sure to talk about just exactly what the lens text reveals concerning the target text (or the other way around). Utilize the lens text’s language and framework that is logical examine the prospective text, but ensure that you be clear about where some ideas when you look at the paper are arriving from (the lens text, the goal text, your very own interpretation etc.) therefore the reader does not be confused.

By participating in this kind of analysis, you may be “entering an academic discussion” and inserting your very own tips. Since that is undoubtedly easier in theory, Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein’s notion of “Templates” may show of good use. Inside their book, they state, I state, the authors construct numerous templates to greatly help authors take part in unfamiliar kinds of critical educational discourse. They encourage pupils to utilize the templates in virtually any ability they find of good use, be it filling them in verbatim, modifying and extending them, or with them as an analytical access point, then discarding them totally.

right right Here we modify their template that is basic say ________. I say ________.), to produce lens essay-specific templates to help you to get started:

The writer for the lens text lays down a framework that is helpful understanding cases of ________ in the mark text. Indeed, into the target text, one sees that is______, which may be looked at a typical example of ________ by the lens author’s meaning. Consequently, we come across a point of commonality concerning ________. This similarity reveals ________.

In line with the lens text _______ tends to happen in situations where _______. By the lens author’s meaning, ________ in the mark text could possibly be considered a case of _______. Nonetheless, this parallel is imperfect because _______. As a result, we become aware of ________.

One sees that is______ in the prospective text, which calls the lens author’s argument that ________ into question because ________.

In the event that writer of the lens text is correct that ________, you might be prepared to see ________ in the mark text. Nonetheless, ________ really occurs, revealing a crucial point of disagreement. This discord implies that ________. This problem is important because ________.

Wrapping Things up and Drawing Conclusions

The texts address by this point in your essay, you should be drawing conclusions regarding what your lens analysis reveals about the texts in questions, or the broader issues. have a glance at the website Be sure to explain why these discoveries are very important for the control where you’re writing. Quite simply, that which was the point of performing your analysis within the place that is first? Delighted lens writing!

Brandeis UWS Writing Handbook, 70.

Birkenstein, Cathy and Gerald Graff, They Do Say, I State. (nyc: W. W. Norton & Business, 2007), 2-3.

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